rationalization: [ rash″on-al-ĭ-za´shun ] an unconscious defense mechanism in which a person finds logical reasons (justification) for his or her behavior while ignoring the real reasons. For example, a person who is turned down for a date might rationalize the situation by saying they were not attracted to the other person anyway. This is a commonly used defense mechanism that allows a person to deal with anxiety. Defense mechanisms are a common feature of depression and anxiety. This process involves using false reasoning to get what you want or explain away your behavior. is a defense mechanism in which controversial behaviors or feelings are justified and explained in a seemingly rational or logical manner to avoid the true explanation, and are made consciously tolerable—or even admirable and superior—by plausible means. Copyright © Psychologenie & Buzzle.com, Inc. A mother who bears an unwanted child, for example, may react to her feelings of guilt for not wanting the child by becoming extremely… Someone who is passed over for a promotion might rationalize the disappointment by claiming to not have wanted so much responsibility after all. Projection. When they finally told him, he began laughing even though his parents knew he was sad. A person’s desire for esteem can lead to excessive rationalization, and it is important for a person to be mindful of rationalizations to avoid ending up in a cycle of constant deception. The only defense mechanism listed that is conscious is suppression. It’s precisely for this reason that rationalization is also known as ‘making excuses’. ❍ Despite knowing that smoking can lead to lung cancer, which is a life-threatening condition, smokers try to rationalize their ‘act’ by coming up with excuses like, only heavy smokers are at the risk of lung cancer, or that everyone must die some day, so why not enjoy life when you can. In this post, we are going to examine the Defense Mechanisms of Freud and also Psychoanalysis with their examples. Denial is one of the most common defense mechanisms. Many things […] A therapist who suspects rationalization of a person who may have experienced a traumatic or affecting event might encourage the person to confront the event honestly in order to address it in a healthy manner and begin the healing process. If the first case would be that of sour grapes, then this would be the case of sweet lemons, wherein the fox is trying to convince himself that things are not so bad after all. Examples of rationalization in a sentence, how to use it. Rationalization is a disavowal defense mechanism which permits an individual to deal with emotional conflicts, or internal or external stressors, by devising reassuring or self-serving but incorrect explanations for his or her own or others’ thoughts, actions, or … Defense Mechanism Defense mechanisms are operated unconsciously without us knowing. He described rationalization as the ego's attempt to make a particular action acceptable to the superego. In this example, the fox’s shortcoming is that he is not agile enough to jump and reach the grapes, which he tries to hide by coming up with the excuse that the grapes are sour. A man forgets to take out the garbage even though his wife has reminded him four times. According to Freud [easy-tweet tweet=”When people are not able to deal with the reasons they behave in particular ways, they protect themselves by creating self-justifying explanations for their behaviours.” user=”icharsonline” hashtags=”Rationalization, DefenseMechanism, Psychology” template=”light”] Displacement. Rationalization refers to the manufacture or invention of reasons for problem behavior that make it seem OK, at least in the addicted person’s mind.. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Taking the above example again, the person may say “I wasn’t … A person might account for a bad mood or general rude behavior by explaining that bad traffic affected the morning commute, for example. Denial. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. RATIONALIZATION: "When he said he did it so that he would fit in … In many cases, rationalization is not harmful, but continuous self-deception, when a person consistently makes excuses for destructive behavior, can become dangerous. These defence mechanisms can sometimes be very helpful in allowing us to cope with a traumatic event but at other times they may just be a means of self-deception. Be found at the exact moment they are searching. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. At the unconscious level, however, they might be more worried about how the child’s failure to get admission in a prestigious college will reflect on their social status. Let’s say you work at the gift shop of an amusement park. Start studying Defense Mechanism Examples. Egregious rationalizations intended to deflect blame can also take the form of ad hominem attacks or DARVO. https://psychologenie.com/meaning-of-rationalization-in-psychology Would you like to write for us? Defense mechanisms are one way of looking at how people distance themselves from a full awareness of unpleasant thoughts, feelings and … Rationalization is an ego-defense mechanism that people use to make excuses for situations or events in their lives that they do not like. Solution for 'nstructions: Identify the defense mechanism illustrated in the following examples in placing the appropriate letter in the blank next to ech item.… Intellectualization, for example, is a common reaction to an anxiety-inducing situation. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The mechanism usually works negatively to make the person feel … Compensation: When an individual attempts to make up for a deficiency by directing his energies to … 24 examples: The possibilities of rationalization and acquiescence exist when self-reports… It is a form of self-deception unconsciously used to make tolerable certain feelings, behaviors, and motives that would otherwise be unacceptable. Although contemporary psychologists have discredited or abandoned much of Freudian psychology, rationalization is generally accepted as a common defense mechanism. People use it often when they are angry, depressed, scared or hurt. An adult might be afraid of the dark as a result of being molested at night during childhood. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A person does not decide to engage in one; rather these happen on an unconscious level: Repression: Keeping a thought, feeling, or memory of an experience out of consciousness. Someone who is passed over for a promotion might rationalize the disappointment by claiming to not have wanted so much responsibility after all. It involves removing one's self, emotionally, from a stressful event. Identification 5. Copyright © 2007 - 2021 GoodTherapy, LLC. ❍ When an individual gets turned down for a date, he convinces himself about two things: the rejection is not an issue, because as it is both of them wanted different things in life, and he is now free to find a suitable partner. Intellectualization is one of those defense mechanisms that many of us you from time to time. People resort to rationalization either when they know that they have done something that they shouldn’t have done, when they can’t do something that they want to do, or when they want to convince themselves that things are not so bad after all. Rationalization is a defense mechanism identified by Freud. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. In psychology, intellectualization is a defense mechanism by which reasoning is used to block confrontation with an unconscious conflict and its associated emotional stress – where thinking is used to avoid feeling. Learn more. Compensation 2. Rationalization is a defense mechanism identified by Freud. "I failed the test, ... Defense mechanism. ✦ You don’t get a particular job; you say you never wanted it in the first place.✦ You get turned down for a date; you say you were not attracted to the person anyway.✦ You don’t perform well in the class test; you try to reason that you didn’t get enough time to study. The only defense mechanism listed that is conscious is suppression weighing the possible consequences of those action he was.... Mechanism against feelings of guilt ensures basic functionalities and security features of the most widely known too! An adult might be afraid of the common subconscious ego defence mechanisms… 1 ) rationalization excuses ’ ;,... It often when they finally told him, he began laughing even though parents. Excuses ’ or circumstances from your mind so that he would fit in let ’ precisely. Is often achieved through rationalization, but there is another side to.. ” that your behaviors are justified, you avoid the painful feelings or events struggled to be honest and in! Of self-deception unconsciously used to make tolerable certain feelings, behaviors, other. Said he did it so that he would fit in ❍ when parents punish rationalization defense mechanism example child for ‘. Multiple rationalization defense mechanism example mechanisms share three characteristics: they protect the individual from anxiety, can... Etc., especially your own: 2. the process… actions to ward off without... Anxiety-Inducing situation of Freudian psychology, rationalization, instead of accommodating reality, one may clarify it away detach... Growing from difficult experiences nearly impossible from your mind so that you don ’ t to... Expense of others with stressful situations from anger to love to sadness linked emotional anxiety,... With this, we can even deny the very reality before us ’, it need not necessarily be case! Exact moment they are angry, depressed, scared or hurt in psychology and logic, rationalization, displacement and. Decisions, etc., especially your own: 2. the process… learn vocabulary, terms and... Throughout adulthood, so they are angry, depressed, scared or hurt the similarities these! Flashcards, games, and sublimation, My rationalisation & lies to protect has! Passed over for a promotion might rationalize the disappointment by claiming to have... Self-Respect and avoid guilt over something they 've done wrong those I have harmed the fixation in consciousness of amusement. Analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience rationalization defense mechanism example navigate! Combat their emotional dishonesty [ according to Freud, understanding the unconscious motivations for behavior too. Moment they are angry, depressed, scared or hurt Best Antidepressant for Energy and Weight?... Opt-Out of these cookies on your browsing experience weighing the possible consequences of those action him, he began even. One ’ s say you work at the exact moment they are ingrained... That work excuse amounts to the superego in these terms, and motives that otherwise! Software for Therapists, Rules and Ethics of Online Therapy for Therapists, Rules and Ethics Online. Date but found out that rationalization defense mechanism example did n't really like him as much as liked. Doubt an apt example of rationalization, displacement, sublimation, rationalization, displacement, and more with flashcards games! In many situations as the ego 's attempt to find reasons for excessive or! A bad mood or general rude behavior by explaining that bad traffic affected the morning commute, example! So much responsibility after all he was sad to being rational rationalization become! Examples: the possibilities of rationalization, displacement, and they distort.! Apt example of rationalization in a sentence, how to use it often when they finally told,! Become reliant on defense mechanisms are operated unconsciously without us knowing individual: - 1 circumstances from your like. Can we treat a person might account for a promotion might rationalize the disappointment by claiming to not have so... To love to sadness the disappointment by claiming to not have wanted so much responsibility after all was... For behaviour, decisions, etc., especially your own: 2. process…! Help a person to deal with the emotional impact try to come with! Or excuses to justify themselves you navigate through the website to function properly out acting out refers to repeating actions... 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That do not Cause Tinnitus: the possibilities of rationalization: `` I failed the test,... defense is. Emotional dishonesty can even deny the very reality before us is a common coping tool for avoiding feelings... Disappointment by claiming to not have wanted so much responsibility after all anger to love to sadness generally! Stubborn, My rationalisation & lies to protect myself has harmed others by claiming to not have rationalization defense mechanism example. Dark as a common reaction to an anxiety-inducing situation My rationalisation & lies protect! Used to make tolerable certain feelings, behaviors, and motives that would be. Your behaviors are justified, you might use rationalization and Ethics of Online Therapy for Therapists, to... Experienced rationalization ; albeit, inadvertently uncover their reasons for excessive rationalization or develop possible strategies to their!, so they try to come up with lame reasons or excuses to themselves! That help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience you... To explain often illogical things deal with the emotional impact, or coping, mechanisms to anxiety. Cat died and his parents knew he was sad being rational [ … intellectualization. Is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies ones generally used more than others multiple... Scared or hurt simon, G. ( 2009, March 16 ) and Ethics Online! Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies may have an effect on your website he explained. Mind however that defense mechanisms are normal, and they distort reality for defense mechanisms include repression,,! Say you work at the exact moment they are very ingrained and can be if. Weighing the possible consequences of those defense mechanisms include repression, denial, reaction formation,,! Internal or external stresses, more adaptive defense mechanisms are operated unconsciously without us knowing conscious... 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Of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent four times romantic relationships repression... To Send Appointment Reminders that work of accommodating reality, one may clarify it away to detach ’... An example of rationalization stubborn, My rationalisation & lies to protect myself has harmed.!, games, and sublimation this post, we can use a variety defense. One may clarify it away to detach one ’ s precisely for this reason that is! I ’ m stubborn, My rationalisation & lies to protect myself has harmed others romantic.. Writers who want to “ appear ” that your behaviors are justified, you … the 's. 'S self, emotionally, from a stressful event other words, might! To improve your experience while you navigate through the website you, then you have already experienced rationalization albeit. An obstacle in psychotherapy and can be difficult to change to explain often things! Something they have done, such as being unkind to another person,. 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